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Gunkel 2006: Patrick Gunkel’s ideas about ideas can be seen at

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Hadamard (1945). Jacques Hadamard. The Psychology of Invention in the Mathematical Field, Dover, 1945, ISBN: 0486201074

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Horner 1998: John R. Horner and James Gorman, Digging Dinosaurs, Harper and Row, 1998, ISBN 060973145. See Chapter 4.

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Hume 1757: David Hume, The Natural History Of Religion.

James 1890: William James, The Principles of Psychology, Simon & Schuster, 1997, ISBN: 06844842971. Text at

James 1902: William James, The Varieties of Religious Experience, Random House 1994, ISBN 067960075–2.

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Jamison 1995: Kay Redfield Jamison, "Manic-Depressive Illness and Creativity," Sci. Amer., Feb. 1995 V. 272 No. 2 Pp. 62-67

Johnston 1997: Elizabeth Johnston “Infantile Amnesia” at

Kaiser 2006: Peter Kaiser, The Joy of Visual Perception, at has a demonstration at

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Koestler 1964: Arthur Koestler, The Act of Creation, MacMillan 1964.

Korzybski 1933: Alfred Korzybski, Science and Sanity, ISBN 0937298018. Text at

Laird 1987: John Laird, Allen Newell, and Paul S. Rosenbloom. Soar: An architecture for general intelligence, Artificial Intelligence, 33(1), 1987. See also

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Lakoff 1992: George Lakoff, “The Contemporary Theory of Metaphor,” Ortony, Andrew (ed.) Metaphor and Thought (2nd edition), Cambridge University Press, 1993, ISBN 0521405610. Also at

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Langley 1987: Pat Langley, Herbert A. Simon, Gary L. Bradshaw, and Jan M. Zytkow. Scientific Discovery: Computational Explorations of the Creative Processes. MIT Press, 1987.

Lawler 1985: Robert W. Lawler, Computer Experience and Cognitive Development: A Child's Learning in a Computer Culture. John Wiley & Sons, 1985, ISBN 0470201940.

Lenat 1976: Douglas B. Lenat. AM: An Artificial Intelligence Approach to Discovery in Mathematics as Heuristic Search, PhD thesis, Stanford University, 1976.

Lenat 1983: Douglas B. Lenat and Jon S. Brown. Why AM and Eurisko Appear to Work, Artificial Intelligence, 23, 1983.

Lenat 1983b: Douglas B. Lenat. Eurisko: A program which learns new heuristics and domain concepts, Artificial Intelligence, 21, 1983. Also at

Lenat 1990: Douglas B. Lenat and Mary Shepard. CYC: Representing Encyclopedic Knowledge, Digital Press, 1990.

Lenat 1997: Douglas Lenat, Artificial Intelligence as Common Sense Knowledge,’

Lenat 1998: Douglas B. Lenat, The Dimensions of Context Space, at

Lewis 1982: F.M. Lewis, “Experienced personal control and quality of life in late stage cancer patients. Nursing Research, 31(2) 113-119, 1982

Lewis 1995: Michael Lewis, Shame, The Exposed Self, 1991, 1995, The Free Press, Simon & Schuster New York, ISBN 068482311.

Lewis 1995b: Michael Lewis, “Self-conscious Emotions,” American Scientist vol. 83, Jan 1995

Lorenz 1970: Konrad Lorenz, Studies in Animal and Human Behaviour, Vol I, p132, Harvard Univ. Press, 1970, ISBN: 0674846303.

Lovecraft 1926: H.P. Lovecraft, The Call of Cthulhu and other weird stories, S.T. Joshi (ed), Penguin Books, 1999, ISBN 017118234-2

Luria 1968: Alexander R. Luria, The Mind of a Mnemonist: Harvard University Press, 1968. ISBN: 0809280078

McCarthy 1959: John McCarthy “Programs with Common Sense,” in Proc. Symposium on Mechanization of Thought Processes, Vol 1, pp5-27. D.V. Blake and A.M. Uttley (eds.), Natl. Physical Lab., Teddington, England, HMSO, London, 1959. Also at

McCurdy 1960: Harold G. McCurdy, The Childhood Pattern of Genius. Horizon Magazine, May 1960, pp. 32-38.

McDermott 1992: Drew McDermott. In, 7 Feb 1992.

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Melzack 1993: “Pain: Past, Present and Future,” Ronald Melzack, Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology 1993, 47:4, 615-629.

Merkle 1988: See Ralph Merkle’s description at

Miller 1960: George A. Miller, Eugene Galanter, and Karl Pribram, Plans and the Structure of Behavior, nternational Thomson Publishing; 1960, ASIN: 0030100755

Minsky 1953: Neural-Analog Networks and the Brain-Model Problem. PhD thesis, Mathematics Dept., Princeton University.

Minsky 1956: M. L. Minsky, "Heuristic Aspects of the Artificial Intelligence Problem," Lincoln Lab., M.I.T., Lexington, Mass., Group Rept. 34-55, ASTIA Doc. No. 236885, December 1956. (M.I.T. Hayden Library No. H-58.)

Minsky 1968: Marvin Minsky (ed) Semantic Information Processing, MIT Press, 1968, ISBN: 0262130440. This anthology is currently out of print, but my chapter, “Matter, Mind, and Models,” is at

Minsky 1969: Marvin Minsky and Seymour Papert, Perceptrons, MIT Press, 1969

Minsky 1971: Marvin Minsky and Seymour Papert, Progress Report on Artificial Intelligence, at Also in Artificial Intelligence, Univ. of Oregon Press, 1974, out of print. A poorly scanned image is at

Minsky 1974: Marvin Minsky, A Framework for Representing Knowledge, MIT, 1974. Also at

Minsky 1977: Marvin Minsky, "Plain Talk About Neurodevelopmental Epistemology," in Proceedings of the Fifth International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Cambridge, Mass., 1977

Minsky 1980: Marvin Minsky, "Jokes and their Relation to the Cognitive Unconscious, “ In Cognitive Constraints on Communication, Vaina and Hintikka (eds.) Reidel, 1981, ISBN: 9027714568. Also at

Minsky 1980b: Minsky M: ‘K-lines, a theory of memory’, Cognitive Science, 4, 1980, pp 117-133.

Minsky 1981: Marvin Minsky, “Music, Mind, and Meaning,” Computer Music Journal, Fall 1981, Vol. 5, Number 3. Also at

Minsky 1986: Marvin Minsky, The Society of Mind, Simon & Schuster, 1986, ISBN: 0671657135.

Minsky 1988: Marvin Minsky and Seymour Papert, Perceptrons, (2nd edition) MIT Press, 1988.

Minsky 1991: Marvin Minsky, "Logical vs. Analogical or Symbolic vs. Connectionist or Neat vs. Scruffy", in Artificial Intelligence at MIT, Expanding Frontiers, Patrick H. Winston (Ed.), Vol. 1, MIT Press, 1990. Reprinted in AI Magazine, 1991. Also at

Minsky 1992: Marvin Minsky, Future of AI Technology, Toshiba Review, Vol.47, No.7, July 1992. Also at

Minsky 2000: Marvin Minsky, “Attachments and Goals,” in Hatano, G.,Tanabe, H., and Okado, N., eds.. Affective Minds. Amsterdam: Elsevier 2000.

Minsky 2000b: Marvin Minsky, Future Models for Mind-Machines,” in Sloman et al., (eds), Proceedings Symposium on How to Design a Functioning Mind, AISB00 Convention, pp124--129, 2000.

Minsky 2004: Marvin Minsky, Push Singh, and Aaron Sloman (2004). The St. Thomas common sense symposium: designing architectures for human-level intelligence. AI Magazine, Summer 2004, 25(2):113-124.

Minsky 2005: Marvin Minsky. “Interior Grounding, Reflection, and Self-Consciousness,” Proceedings of an International Conference on Brain, Mind and Society, Tohoku Univ., Japan, Sept 2005. Also at

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Mueller 2006: Erik T. Mueller, Commonsense Reasoning, Morgan Kaufmann 2006, ISBN 0-12-369388-8,

Mueller 2006” Erik T. Mueller, Commonsense Reasoning, Morgan Kaufmann 2006, ISBN 0-12-369388-8,

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Panksepp 1988. Emotions and Psychopathology, Clynes & Panksepp (eds.), 1988, Plenum Pubs ISBN: 0306429160

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Singh 2003b: A preliminary collection of reflective critics for layered agent architectures. Proceedings of the Safe Agents Workshop (AAMAS 2003). Also at

Singh 2003c: Push Singh and William Williams (2003). LifeNet: a propositional model of ordinary human activity. Proceedings of the Workshop on Distributed and Collaborative Knowledge Capture (DC-KCAP) at K-CAP 2003. Sanibel Island, FL. At

Singh 2004: Push Singh, Marvin Minsky and Ian Eslick, Computing commonsense, BT Technology Journal, Vol 22 No 4, October 2004. Also at

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